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句子成分之谓语

2016-02-08  点击:1251

 句子成分之谓语

 
谓语
谓语(predicate verb)是对主语动作或状态的陈述或说明,指出“做什么”、“是什么”或“怎么样”。谓语动词的位置一般在主语之后。
谓语由动词充当,说明主语所作的动作或具有的特征和状态。依据其在句中繁简程度可把谓语分为简单谓语和复合谓语两类。不论何种时态、语态、语气,凡由一个动词(或动词词组)构成的谓语都是简单谓语。
 
简单谓语:
由动词、动词短语或者动词的时态构成。如:
I like walking. (一般现在时主动语态)
 
I made your birthday cake last night. (一般过去时主动语态)
 
It is used by travellers and business people all over the world. (一般现在时被动语态)
 
复合谓语:
1.由情态动词或助动词+不带to的动词不定式构成。如:
You may keep the book for two weeks.
He has caught a bad cold.
My sister is crying over there.
I have been waiting for you all the time.
I would stay at home all day.
 
2.由系动词加表语构成。系动词不能单独作谓语,要和表语一起作谓语。
We are students.
Your idea sounds great.
 句子成分之宾语    句子成分之主语