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对立观点型文章的两种写法

2016-04-05  点击:1291

 对立观点型文章的两种写法

 
  第一段:陈述现状 (第1、2句)
  [1] The term “……” may by no means sound strange to most people at the present day.
 
  引入某个现象,进而切入主题
 
  [2] Does anyone hold the same attitude toward “……”? definitely not. As to this issue, opinions vary from person to person.阐明不同的人有不同的观点
 
  第二段:阐明“有些人”的正反观点 (第3、4、5、6、句)
 
  [3] For those who hold the opinion that”正面观点”claim that, firstly, 理由之一
 
  [4] Secondly,持正面观点者,理由之二
 
  [5] However, others maintain that“反面观点”…理由之一
 
  [6] Moreover, “反面观点”…理由之二
 
  第三段:阐明“my view”我的观点 (第7、8、9句)
 
  [7] If I were forced to agree with one of the two opinions, I, doubtless, stand by the idea that…阐明你支持的观点 + On one hand,你的理由之一
 
  [8] On the other hand, 你的理由之二
 
  [9] Given the factors I have just outlined, I strongly commit to the notion that…
 
  再次表明你的看法和观点 (和文章第7句呼应,形成段落内的总分总结构)
 
  以上摘自金老师的博客,下面是我补充的两一种模式。
 
  第一段,引出一个issue即讨论的对象,然后点出两种不同的观点,紧接着摆出自己的观点同意前者或后者。第二段,首先简短陈述你所不支持那方的理由(for the sake of objectivity and all-sidedness),然后笔锋一转详细陈述你支持那方。第三段,总结,点明意义和呼应自己观点。自己拟了一个框架如下:
 
  There has sprung up a heated discussion as to whether---.Views vary from person to person. some people hold the view that--while others strongly suggest that---. From my point of view, my favor goes to the former/later one.
 
  It is true that----(cons point), however, we should never be blind to its opposite side. To start with,--Then,--Last but not least,--
 
  From what has discussed above, it's not difficult to draw a conclusion that----
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